Heart of Dixie
History & Genealogy Project Page
Alabama became a part of the Mississippi Territory in 1798.
General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians in 1814 and nearly
of the present state land was ceded to the United States.
The Alabama Territory was created in 1817 and Saint
Stephens was the territorial capital from 1817 to 1819. Cahaba
became the capital in 1820. Tuscaloosa served as capital starting in
Montgomery became the permanent capital in 1846. The capital building
completed on December 6, 1847. It was destroyed by fire on December 14,
1849 and rebuilt in 1851.
Blount County was created on February 7, 1818
it older than the state.
Alabama was admitted to the Union December, 14,
Washington County is the oldest county in Alabama.
Alabama was the fourth state to secede from the
January 11, 1861. The capital
of The Confederate States of America was at
and the Confederate flag was designed in 1861 in Alabama. During
the Civil War Winston County became known as The Free State of
On August 5, 1864, Admiral David Farragut
famous command, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead" at the Battle of
State Tree: Southern Pine
Bordering States: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, and
Statehood: December 14, 1819; 22nd State
Highest Point: Cheaha Mountain; 2407 feet
Largest Cities: Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery, Huntsville,
Official State Fair: The Florence Renaissance
Nicknames: Heart of Dixie
Alabama comes from the Creek language meaning tribal
Economy: Poultry, eggs, vegetables, milk, soybeans, cattle,
cotton, lumber and wood products, rubber and plastic products, mining,
transportation equipment, and clothing.
The first Mardi Gras celebration in the western
was held in Alabama in 1704 and was called Boeuf Gras.
The first rocket to put humans on the moon was
in Alabama and Huntsville is known as the Rocket Capital of the
The world's first Electric Trolley System was
in Montgomery in 1886.
Alabama is the largest supplier of cast-iron
pipe products and the only state with all the major natural resources
to make iron and steel .
a skeleton of a pre-historic man was found along with many other
from different time periods.
Department of Archives is the oldest state-funded archival agency
In 1937 a state sales tax was instituted to
The Army Ballistic Missile Agency was
Huntsville's Redstone Arsenal in 1956.
C. Wallace served four terms as governor.
The United States Army Chemical Corps Museum in
McClellan contains over 4000 chemical warfare artifacts.
of History in Bessemer has an exhibit of Hitler's typewriter.
after the Mauvilla Indians.
COURTHOUSES DESTROYED BY FIRE
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